Letters are shown capitalized for readability only. Capslock should be off. SHORTCUTS Key/Command Description Ctrl + A Go to the beginning of the line you are currently typing on. This also works for most text input fields system wide. Netbeans being one exception Ctrl + E Go to the end of the line you are currently typing on. This also works for most text input fields system wide. Netbeans being one exception Ctrl + Q Clears everything on current line Ctrl + L Clears the Screen Cmd + K Clears the Screen Ctrl + U Cut everything backwards to beginning of line Ctrl + K Cut everything forward to end of line Ctrl + W Cut one word backwards using white space as delimiter Ctrl + Y Paste whatever was cut by the last cut command Ctrl + H Same as backspace Ctrl + C Kill whatever you are running Ctrl + D Exit the current shell when no process is running, or send EOF to a the running process Ctrl + Z Puts whatever you are running into a suspended background process. fg restores it. Ctrl + _ Undo the last command. (Underscore. So it's actually Ctrl + Shift + minus) Ctrl + T Swap the last two characters before the cursor Ctrl + F Move cursor one character forward Ctrl + B Move cursor one character backward Option + → Move cursor one word forward Option + ← Move cursor one word backward Esc + T Swap the last two words before the cursor Tab Auto-complete files and folder names CORE COMMANDS Key/Command Description cd [folder] Change directory e.g. cd Documents cd Home directory cd ~ Home directory cd / Root of drive cd - Previous directory ls Short listing ls -l Long listing ls -a Listing incl. hidden files ls -lh Long listing with Human readable file sizes ls -R Entire content of folder recursively sudo [command] Run command with the security privileges of the superuser (Super User DO) open [file] Opens a file ( as if you double clicked it ) top Displays active processes. Press q to quit nano [file] Opens the file using the nano editor vim [file] Opens the file using the vim editor clear Clears the screen reset Resets the terminal display CHAINING COMMANDS Key/Command Description [command-a]; [command-b] Run command A and then B, regardless of success of A [command-a] && [command-b] Run command B if A succeeded [command-a] || [command-b] Run command B if A failed [command-a] & Run command A in background PIPING COMMANDS Key/Command Description [command-a] | [command-b] Run command A and then pass the result to command B e.g ps auxwww | grep google COMMAND HISTORY Key/Command Description history n Shows the stuff typed – add a number to limit the last n items Ctrl + r Interactively search through previously typed commands ![value] Execute the last command typed that starts with ‘value’ ![value]:p Print to the console the last command typed that starts with ‘value’ !! Execute the last command typed !!:p Print to the console the last command typed FILE MANAGEMENT Key/Command Description touch [file] Create a new file pwd Full path to working directory . Current folder, e.g. ls . .. Parent/enclosing directory, e.g. ls .. ls -l .. Long listing of parent directory cd ../../ Move 2 levels up cat Concatenate to screen rm [file] Remove a file, e.g. rm data.tmp rm -i [file] Remove with confirmation rm -r [dir] Remove a directory and contents rm -f [file] Force removal without confirmation cp [file] [newfile] Copy file to file cp [file] [dir] Copy file to directory mv [file] [new filename] Move/Rename, e.g. mv file1.ad /tmp pbcopy < [file] Copies file contents to clipboard pbpaste Paste clipboard contents pbpaste > [file] Paste clipboard contents into file, pbpaste > paste-test.txt DIRECTORY MANAGEMENT Key/Command Description mkdir [dir] Create new directory mkdir -p [dir]/[dir] Create nested directories rmdir [dir] Remove directory ( only operates on empty directories ) rm -R [dir] Remove directory and contents less [file] Output file content delivered in screensize chunks [command] > [file] Push output to file, keep in mind it will get overwritten [command] >> [file] Append output to existing file [command] < [file] Tell command to read content from a file SEARCH Key/Command Description find [dir] -name [search_pattern] Search for files, e.g. find /Users -name "file.txt" grep [search_pattern] [file] Search for all lines that contain the pattern, e.g. grep "Tom" file.txt grep -r [search_pattern] [dir] Recursively search in all files in specified directory for all lines that contain the pattern grep -v [search_pattern] [file] Search for all lines that do NOT contain the pattern grep -i [search_pattern] [file] Search for all lines that contain the case-insensitive pattern mdfind [search_pattern] Spotlight search for files (names, content, other metadata), e.g. mdfind skateboard mdfind -onlyin [dir] -name [pattern] Spotlight search for files named like pattern in the given directory HELP Key/Command Description [command] -h Offers help [command] --help Offers help info [command] Offers help man [command] Show the help manual for [command] whatis [command] Gives a one-line description of [command] apropos [search-pattern] Searches for command with keywords in description
Letters are shown capitalized for readability only. Capslock should be off.


SHORTCUTS

Key/CommandDescription
Ctrl + AGo to the beginning of the line you are currently typing on. This also works for most text input fields system wide. Netbeans being one exception
Ctrl + EGo to the end of the line you are currently typing on. This also works for most text input fields system wide. Netbeans being one exception
Ctrl + QClears everything on current line
Ctrl + LClears the Screen
Cmd + KClears the Screen
Ctrl + UCut everything backwards to beginning of line
Ctrl + KCut everything forward to end of line
Ctrl + WCut one word backwards using white space as delimiter
Ctrl + YPaste whatever was cut by the last cut command
Ctrl + HSame as backspace
Ctrl + CKill whatever you are running
Ctrl + DExit the current shell when no process is running, or send EOF to a the running process
Ctrl + ZPuts whatever you are running into a suspended background process. fg restores it.
Ctrl + _Undo the last command. (Underscore. So it's actually Ctrl + Shift + minus)
Ctrl + TSwap the last two characters before the cursor
Ctrl + FMove cursor one character forward
Ctrl + BMove cursor one character backward
Option + →Move cursor one word forward
Option + ←Move cursor one word backward
Esc + TSwap the last two words before the cursor
TabAuto-complete files and folder names

CORE COMMANDS

Key/CommandDescription
cd [folder]Change directory e.g. cd Documents
cdHome directory
cd ~Home directory
cd /Root of drive
cd -Previous directory
lsShort listing
ls -lLong listing
ls -aListing incl. hidden files
ls -lhLong listing with Human readable file sizes
ls -REntire content of folder recursively
sudo [command]Run command with the security privileges of the superuser (Super User DO)
open [file]Opens a file ( as if you double clicked it )
topDisplays active processes. Press q to quit
nano [file]Opens the file using the nano editor
vim [file]Opens the file using the vim editor
clearClears the screen
resetResets the terminal display

CHAINING COMMANDS

Key/CommandDescription
[command-a]; [command-b]Run command A and then B, regardless of success of A
[command-a] && [command-b]Run command B if A succeeded
[command-a] || [command-b]Run command B if A failed
[command-a] &Run command A in background

PIPING COMMANDS

Key/CommandDescription
[command-a] | [command-b]Run command A and then pass the result to command B e.g ps auxwww | grep google

COMMAND HISTORY

Key/CommandDescription
history nShows the stuff typed – add a number to limit the last n items
Ctrl + rInteractively search through previously typed commands
![value]Execute the last command typed that starts with ‘value’
![value]:pPrint to the console the last command typed that starts with ‘value’
!!Execute the last command typed
!!:pPrint to the console the last command typed

FILE MANAGEMENT

Key/CommandDescription
touch [file]Create a new file
pwdFull path to working directory
.Current folder, e.g. ls .
..Parent/enclosing directory, e.g. ls ..
ls -l ..Long listing of parent directory
cd ../../Move 2 levels up
catConcatenate to screen
rm [file]Remove a file, e.g. rm data.tmp
rm -i [file]Remove with confirmation
rm -r [dir]Remove a directory and contents
rm -f [file]Force removal without confirmation
cp [file] [newfile]Copy file to file
cp [file] [dir]Copy file to directory
mv [file] [new filename]Move/Rename, e.g. mv file1.ad /tmp
pbcopy < [file]Copies file contents to clipboard
pbpastePaste clipboard contents
pbpaste > [file]Paste clipboard contents into file, pbpaste > paste-test.txt

DIRECTORY MANAGEMENT

Key/CommandDescription
mkdir [dir]Create new directory
mkdir -p [dir]/[dir]Create nested directories
rmdir [dir]Remove directory ( only operates on empty directories )
rm -R [dir]Remove directory and contents
less [file]Output file content delivered in screensize chunks
[command] > [file]Push output to file, keep in mind it will get overwritten
[command] >> [file]Append output to existing file
[command] < [file]Tell command to read content from a file

SEARCH

Key/CommandDescription
find [dir] -name [search_pattern]Search for files, e.g. find /Users -name "file.txt"
grep [search_pattern] [file]Search for all lines that contain the pattern, e.g. grep "Tom" file.txt
grep -r [search_pattern] [dir]Recursively search in all files in specified directory for all lines that contain the pattern
grep -v [search_pattern] [file]Search for all lines that do NOT contain the pattern
grep -i [search_pattern] [file]Search for all lines that contain the case-insensitive pattern
mdfind [search_pattern]Spotlight search for files (names, content, other metadata), e.g. mdfind skateboard
mdfind -onlyin [dir] -name [pattern]Spotlight search for files named like pattern in the given directory

HELP

Key/CommandDescription
[command] -hOffers help
[command] --helpOffers help
info [command]Offers help
man [command]Show the help manual for [command]
whatis [command]Gives a one-line description of [command]
apropos [search-pattern]Searches for command with keywords in description
Manusha

Manusha Amal

මගේ තියන අත්දැකීම් මේ බ්ලොග් එක කියවන ඔබට පේනවනේ, ඉතින් ඔයාලට ගැටළුවක් අවොත් මාව Contact කරගන්න පුළුවන්.

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